WARNING: Engine Knock can cause catastrophic damage to an engine, only follow these steps if you are sure you know what you are doing.
What is a “Knock Threshold”
Threshold is the intensity of the signal, from the knock sensor, in our selected frequency, that will be classed as engine knock.
With the Knock Frequency Window Programmed
We can move into the Baseline Calibration section in the KSC app.
First step is to set our “Saved” volume/threshold to a high number so we don’t interfere with the ignition timing of the engine (assuming we have the 5volt out from the KSC connected to the engine ECU)
Next we need to make absolutely sure that the engine will not knock under full throttle. Easiest way to do this is to retard the ignition timing of the engine, if you can’t do this, using the highest octane fuel possible will help.
Mid RPM & Redline
Next we choose our RPM range midpoint and our RPM redline. Usually I like to chose a mid point of around 3500 rpm for an engine with a 7000 rpm redline, and set the redline around 500-1000 rpm below the actual rev limit of the engine.
Full Throttle Run
Now we have the engine in a state where we know it will not knock and with our RPM points set, we can switch the Baseline Calibration option to “On” and carry out a full throttle run in one gear.
NOTE: In the video the car is driven at different RPMs and throttle positions for a period of time. It is now recommended to carry out one full throttle run and press the “Off” button just before we lift of the throttle at redline.
Lifting off the throttle usually creates a frequency similar to knock in the engine, we want to ignore this, the engine is under vacuum when the throttle is lifted so this sound is irrelevant.
When we press “Off”, after a few seconds the peak volumes experienced during the run will be outputted onto the screen of the KSC app next to “Peak Volume”.
This process can be repeated to get an idea of the peak volumes that are normal. When we are comfortable we have identified the normal “Peak Volume” we can transfer these volumes to the “Saved Volume” line. A number or two can be added to the “Peak Volume” norm to limit false positives.
Our knock sensor signal threshold has now been set and saved.
Validation – Knock Sensor Signal Threshold
To validate the knock signal threshold entered, the ignition timing can be advanced further than what is normal, driving the vehicle with this exaggerated ignition timing at light engine loads should lead to very light engine knocking and the KSC outputting the 12v and 5v signals to indicated engine knock.